Nucleus of the sperm cell
Sperm cells are gametes sex cells that are produced in the testicular organ gonad of male human beings and animals. Like the female gamete oocyte , sperm cells carry a total of 23 chromosomes that are a result of a process known as meiosis. In both animals and human beings, among many other organisms, these cells are involved in the sexual mode of reproduction which involves the interaction of male and female gametes. The general morphology of sperm cells consists of the following parts:. Before looking at the structure and function of sperm cells, it's important to understand the process involved in their production spermatogenesis.
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Sperm cells, or gametes, are male reproductive cells whose function is to fertilize an egg. The sperm will carry either and X or Y chromosome that will determine the sex of the embryo. They are haploid cells, meaning they only have half of the genetic material, therefore just one sexual chromosome. The head of the sperm contains enzymes that will help break the egg barrier. Become a Study.
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Sperm are smaller than most cells in the body; in fact, the volume of a sperm cell is 85, times less than that of the female gamete. Approximately to million sperm are produced each day; whereas, women typically ovulate only one oocyte per month. Sperm have a distinctive head, mid-piece, and tail region Figure. The head of the sperm contains the extremely compact nucleus with very little cytoplasm.
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